13For the promise that Abraham would inherit the world
did not come to Abraham or to his descendants through the law
but through the righteousness of faith.
14If it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs,
faith is null and the promise is void.
15For the law brings wrath;
but where there is no law,
neither is there violation.
16For this reason it depends on faith,
in order that the promise may rest on grace
and be guaranteed to all Abraham’s descendants,
not only to the adherents of the law
but also to those who share the faith of Abraham
(for he is the father of all of us,
17as it is written,
“I have made you the father of many nations”) —
in the presence of the God in whom Abraham believed,
who gives life to the dead
and calls into existence the things that do not exist.
18Hoping against hope,
Abraham believed that he would become
“the father of many nations,”
according to what was said,
“So numerous shall your descendants be.”
19He did not weaken in faith
when he considered his own body,
which was already as good as dead
(for he was about a hundred years old),
or when he considered the barrenness of Sarah’s womb.
20No distrust made Abraham waver
concerning the promise of God,
but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,
21being fully convinced that God was able
to do what God had promised.
22Therefore Abraham’s faith
“was reckoned to him as righteousness.”
23Now the words, “it was reckoned to him,”
were written not for his sake alone,
24but for ours also.
It will be reckoned to us who believe
in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
25who was handed over to death for our trespasses
and was raised for our justification.
Queeries for the text:
Did Abraham weaken in faith?
Was Abraham righteous?
What does righteousness mean anyway?
Is Paul telling a revisionist history?
If the promise rests on grace, can we condemn anyone to be outside the promise?
Would the forgiveness of sins or our justification before God be true if Jesus just died and wasn't resurrected?
If God creates ex nihilo, calling into existence the things that do not exist, can God call our justification into existence without Jesus' death on the cross?
What are your queeries?